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12 Best Free Online Information Technology Courses

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Updated: May 24, 2024, Reading time: 21 minutes

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What comes to our mind when we hear the term “information technology”?

For many of us who have no background in computers and the likes, we usually coin information technology with the people we call every time we encounter different issues with our computers at home. Although this is not wrong, this understates the wide scope of this crucial field. 

So, what is information technology? The simplest definition is the application of technology in solving organizational or business problems on a broader scale. Regardless of the role, any member of an organization’s IT department can deal with technology problems—big or small. 

Free Online IT Classes - fact

There are three major pillars of responsibilities that encompass the IT department. 

  1. IT Operations. This includes network maintenance, tech support, device management, and security testing. IT operations is a universal category for the IT department’s daily task.
  1. IT Governance. This is the combination of processes and policies that guarantee the smooth and effective functions of the IT System. The process has to align strictly with the needs of the organization.
  1. Hardware and Infrastructure. This refers to the physical elements of an IT infrastructure and includes the setup and maintenance of IT equipment like phone systems, servers, routers, and other personal devices like laptops. 

The 12 Free Online College Classes for Information Technology

As you are just starting on your journey into becoming an IT professional, one excellent way to start is to enroll in IT-related courses. Today, there are so many courses that will help you build the right foundation as you enter the IT sector.

Below is a list of 12 of the best free online college classes for information technology. Find the course that you think is right for you. 


Data Visualization

Harvard University via edX

Free Online College Classes for Information Technology 1

Data Visualization is a part of Harvard University’s Professional Certificate Program in Data Science. Offered via edX, this free online course covers the fundamentals of data visualization. It also focuses on exploratory data analysis.

The course uses three examples and ggplot2, an extensive data visualization package designed for “R,” a statistical programming language.

Within the first few days, students will learn about simple datasets, and then you slowly program into case studies about economics, world health, and infectious disease trends in the US.

The course also teaches how to look at biases, mistakes, systematic errors, and other issues that normally lead to data that must be handled with care. In most cases, it’s nearly impossible to realize a mistake in a dataset. This is why data visualization is specifically important.

Today, data visualizations have become more reliable than ever, thanks to the never-ending availability of informative software tools and datasets.

Data visualization provides the most efficient way of communicating data-driven findings, detecting flaws, and motivating analysis. With this course, you get to gain skills needed to boost data and improve your career. 

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Enabling Technologies for Data Science and Analytics: The Internet of Things

Columbia University via edX

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This course is a part of a Professional Certificate offered by Columbia University via edX. In this free online course, you will learn about the many components of the Internet and understand how sensors achieve data.

Plus, you will learn how to examine ways of correctly analyzing data and understand facial recognition software and sentiment analysis. Other topics include:

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IT Support: Fundamentals

Microsoft via edX

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This is the course where you are introduced to how to understand better the critical roles of an IT support agent, specifically the key responsibilities and core priorities of being an agent. Your support skills will be significantly improved through your interaction with other key roles, plus your performance skills are mastered accordingly. 

IT Support: Fundamentals will also examine what impacts a client’s behavior every time he deals with IT support, including communication styles and global cultural differences.

At the conclusion of this free online course course, students will gain a better understanding of the primary stages of case management, from the initial receipt of calls for solution development to the closure of the case. 

This free online course is one of the four courses designed for people thinking about moving into IT support. 

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Strategic Applications of IT Project and Program Management

University of Washington via edX

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This course is offered for free by the University of Washington via edX. You will learn the right project management frameworks and standards that improve efficacy and supply definite business benefits.

Running for six weeks, at 2-5 hours per week, this course is part of a professional certificate and focuses on studying the most used project management methods in the IT industry and knowing why these methods are effective. After completing the course, you will learn to:

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Technical Support Fundamentals

Google via Coursera

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This is one of the many courses designed to prepare you to become an entry-level IT support specialist. Through this course, you will be introduced to the wide world of information technology.

You will understand the field’s many facets, such as computer hardware, troubleshooting, computer hardware, the Internet, and customer service. Upon completion of this program, students are expected to:

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HI-FIVE: Health Informatics for Innovation, Value and Enrichment (Administrative/IT Perspective)

Columbia University via Coursera 

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Health Informatics for Innovation, Value, and Enrichment (HI-FIVE) is a 10-hour free online training designed by Columbia University back in 2016 and is delivered via Coursera.

The healthcare system in the US is rapidly changing, which is why transformative healthcare delivery programs heavily depend on health information technology to improve care, support patient engagement, maintain patient registries, sustain and develop data infrastructure suitable for value-based, multi-payer payments, and allow analytical capabilities to streamline reporting and decision making. 

The free online HI-FIVE course is one of the three courses in this training program. The topics primarily revolve around value-based care, healthcare data analytics, care coordination, and interoperability. Each of these courses is made from a different standpoint based on the many roles of health care.

This third course is from an IT or administrative perspective and is geared towards analysts, managers, executives, and staff who work in data, IT, finance, and operations. The skills you will gain from this course include value-based pricing, health informatics, analytics, and data analysis.

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Linux Server Management Security

University of Colorado System via Coursera

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Whether you are trying to enjoy Netflix or getting access to your bank’s app, your computer works with a Linux system. In this 5-week long, free online course, you will dig deeper into how Linux works from the standpoint of an enterprise. 

  1. During the first week, you will understand how an enterprise works with Linux.
  2. After week 1, you can easily distinguish the different versions of this operating system and understand how each one is used in an enterprise setting.
  3. By the second week, you will learn how to configure the Linux system. You get to demonstrate the many commands of Linux and how these commands are used.
  4. In week 3, students will learn about adding users to and configuring the Linux authentication mechanism’s control systems.
  5. Finally, in weeks 4 and 5, you will further explore how to harden the Linux system. You will classify different technologies to have the Linux system secured.  

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Data Privacy Fundamentals

Northeastern University via Coursera

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This free, 3-week-long online course is designed for beginners. Taught by industry expert Woodrow Hartzog, Northeastern University offers Data Privacy Fundamentals via Coursera and teaches you the fundamentals of data privacy.

This course introduces data privacy to a bigger audience. Each participant will see how data privacy has completely evolved as a critical concern for both private and public organizations, and the public. 

You will hear technical and legal practitioners and experts who constantly come across data privacy issues. You will review the important theories of data privacy, along with data privacy in the context of artificial intelligence and social media.

You will also explore several data privacy issues in surveillance, journalism, and new technologies like biometrics or facial recognition. Once you complete the course, you are qualified for a CPE credit.

 Students graduate with these top skills:

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Global Health Informatics to Improve Quality of Care

Massachusetts Institute of Technology via edX

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This is a 13-week, self-paced, free online course for information technology offered by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology via edX. In this course, you will explore ways to leverage IT into combatting diseases and promoting health, especially in places where basic resources are scarce. 

No matter the country, diseases have no limits. The increasing global travel, in effect, has fueled the incessant spread of infectious diseases. That is why we need to consider technology as the driving force that will sweep nation after nation faster than diseases.

The birth of mobile phones allows computational data and power to be right at your fingertips. New technologies in battling and tracking these diseases are discovered. 

This course will lead you to explore innovative solutions in information systems in some developing countries. This will focus not only on teaching you about the importance of technology but also on other critical issues for technology to succeed, like project management, quality improvement, and leadership skills.

Eventually, healthcare delivery solutions will need efficient and sound operations like supply chain management and physical infrastructure to deliver the best quality of care. 

The program is for those interested in implementing and making a health IT project that needs multidisciplinary teams. That’s why don’t be surprised to see people from various disciplines—medicine, computer science, public health, engineering, or business, enroll in this course. 

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Computer Networking

Georgia Institute of Technology via Udacity

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Although this course is offered at Georgia Tech as CS6250 as part of the Online Master’s Degree, taking this program here at Udacity will not give you credit toward your OMS degree. Still, you can learn a lot from this free online program.

Computer Networking by Georgia Tech covers several topics on Computer Networking. This includes Data Center Networking, Software-Defined Networking, and Content Distribution. The program has  three parts:

Part 1 is focused on the design principle and goals and the implementation of a Computer Network. It touches different routing algorithms used in computer networking like distance-vector or link-state.

Part 2 discusses content distribution and resource control in Networking Applications. This talks about Traffic Shaping and Congestion Control.

Part 3 is the operations and management of a computer network that encompasses software-defined networks (SNDs), network security, and traffic engineering. 

Why should you take this course? If you have plans to build your computer networking skills, or you plan to move into positions in network engineering such as a technical operator, network administrator, or systems administrator, you should go for this course. 

This program has a hands-on approach to teaching highly technical materials. They use Mininet (a type of network emulator), so you can have a full idea of how a computer network works and know the factors that contribute to the efficiency of the network. 

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The Critical Role of IT Support Staff in Healthcare

Johns Hopkins University via Coursera

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This course is perfect for beginners and takes two weeks to complete. Now is the best time to explore a career in Health IT support, and what better way to start that than to join this introductory course? In this program, you will learn about the many IT support roles that are crucial in the healthcare industry.

An IT support staff plays a lot of important duties in different healthcare venues. Aside from helping hospitals, clinics, or emergency rooms, it’s highly probable that you end up giving support in an ambulatory surgical center, in a skilled nursing facility, in a virtual care setting, and even in the home of a patient. 

Anytime, you get to interact with pharmacists, doctors, nurses, and other health professionals. In most cases, these people heavily rely on IT support specialists who will help them maintain a highly reliable healthcare organization.

Thus, learning about the interesting and challenging world of HIT (Health Information Technology) is what you may want to consider. 

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Health Information Technology Fundamentals

Johns Hopkins University via Coursera

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Featuring a timely and relevant topic, this free course gives you an overview of the IT ecosystem of the health industry. It especially focuses on the role of EHRs (electronic health records). You will learn about the many factors contributing to the move from paper-based records to digital records.

EHRs include clinical decision support, computerized provider order entry, medication reconciliations, and documentation capabilities. Just like a doctor’s stethoscope, the HER is a critical tool in the healthcare industry. It plays an integral part throughout the patient’s journey. 

Also, you will learn how to go about patient scheduling, front desk registration, emergency room encounters, outpatient visits, and in-patient admissions.

Another feature of the course is that you will also learn about technical issues related to the HER, like problems with logging in or password resets. 

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Free online college courses in IT bring you up to date on the latest in an evolving industry! With a better understanding of Information Technology basics, you can decide whether or not an IT profession suits you! 

Career Outlook for Information Technology Jobs

From 2022 to 2032, employment in information technology occupations is expected to grow 13 percent, faster than the average for all occupations. These occupations are expected to generate 667,600 new jobs.

The increased emphasis on cloud computing, extensive data collection and storage, and information security will increase demand for these workers.

In May 2022, the median annual wage for computer and information technology occupations was $104,420, higher than the $41,950 median annual wage for all occupations.

Frequently Asked Questions

Is Information Technology important?

Organizations will not smoothly work without the right IT systems. Finding a business that does not incorporate computer systems into its operations is next to none in this day and age.

As far as connectivity is concerned, businesses heavily rely on technology. To keep up with the best level of service, coupled with the most reliable and secure connectivity, business owners need the help of IT specialists to help them with their network.

As time passes, the majority of today’s companies want to apply more sophisticated and intuitive solutions. Technology blogger and Chief Information Security Officer Edward Kiledjian said the right IT personnel in a company is one of the keys to outsmarting, out-delivering, and outpacing business competitors.

With that, let’s take a closer look at what current and future IT specialists are expected to work on.

Data Overload: Every business processes massive amounts of data. Thus, this will need sophisticated software, solid processing power, and the best human analytical skills. 

Cloud Services. When storing huge amounts of data, most companies today believe operating their servers is no longer feasible. Thus, third-hosting platforms (cloud services) are getting more popular. And to maintain these remote platforms, it needs a professional IT expert.

Mobile and Wireless Usage. Most employers today offer remote work options for their employees, which require tablets, smartphones, and laptops that are roaming and wireless capable. 

Bandwidth for Video Hosting. Because of the worldwide COVID-19 Pandemic, videoconferencing has become more in demand than ever. This equates to more demand in network bandwidth. Thus, companies need the right people to handle such demand efficiently. 

Looking at the present situation, it’s not a surprise to hear that the demand for IT careers is growing. The Bureau of Labor Statistics confirms this, projecting an industry growth of 13% between 2021 and 2031. This is faster than the usual average for most occupations. 

Hardware vs. Software: Which IT department is which?

Perhaps you have clearly understood that software and hardware are the two largest parts of an IT department’s jobs. But what counts as software? And what is hardware? Here’s a breakdown to clearly understand their distinction.

Hardware, the computer system’s physical component, consists of the central processing unit, the motherboard, and the hard drive. Hardware can also be those other physical parts that you can connect to the outside of your computer, like your printer, mouse, or keyboard.

Simply put, hardware is any component, device, or part of a computer and its network that you can physically manipulate and touch. 

Software, meanwhile, is something that you can’t change physically. It includes all the programs, data, and applications stored in the computer electronically, like an audio editing app or an operating system. 

So, how does this difference relate to a career in the IT department? Most IT jobs today require a combination of both software and hardware-based know-how.

Some IT professionals spend more time configuring hardware components, although these things are also administrated by software. Also, IT professionals are obliged to deploy and set up software apps for many users. 

What career opportunities await an IT professional?

After understanding the general obligations of an IT department, perhaps you’re wondering by now what specific individual roles await an IT professional. Below are some of the key positions you can find in an IT department:

Network Systems Administrators. These people focus on the bigger picture of a network system, performance, and security.

Computer Support Specialists. They are the frontrunners in the IT department. They are responsible for troubleshooting technology issues like computer crashes, software problems, and hardware trouble. These IT professionals may also work with senior-level IT specialists in a larger-scale network issue. 

Information Security Analysts. These professionals are the ones tasked to secure the computer network of an organization. They conduct tests and develop the best network security practices in a company.

Computer Systems Analysts. The people behind the scenes integrate the best IT principles with the best business solutions. Usually, they focus on a specific industry while working for an IT firm, although some directly work in an industry, like the government or finance. 

What are the important skills needed for Information Technology?

Coding Skills

Writing code is one of the basic skill sets that an employer will look for in an IT professional. An employer seeks a candidate who can code in multiple languages if the job involves programming or software/web development, as many systems are built using various languages.

To see a software development project and manage things like QA, an IT professional should also understand the process of code writing (quality assurance).

Time and Project Management

Many field professionals will need to be self-directed and self-motivated, and being self-directed means managing projects effectively. Technology work frequently takes longer than expected, as evidenced by how often timelines and milestones change over a long project.

An IT professional should accurately estimate how long a project will take and then stick to those timelines. They should also be capable of assisting an entire team in managing their workload daily, weekly, monthly, and project-by-project basis.

Communication Skills

Communication skills are essential for anyone working in IT because information technology professionals frequently work across multiple teams and groups. IT professionals are often called upon to provide technological solutions for people who are not as tech-savvy.

They must demonstrate leadership at all levels of projects and with a wide range of groups. They are frequently required to present ideas and reports to larger groups of people.

Building teams and fostering collaboration among peers will be a part of an IT professional’s job.

Knowledge and Computer Networks

Networking knowledge will be required of most IT professionals in both large and small businesses. Knowledge networking is part of good communication skills.

It necessitates gathering groups of people in a working environment to share what they know to build a knowledge system within an organization that is greater than the sum of its parts.

Some IT jobs on the other side of “networks” may include network architects, engineers, and systems administrators. Network administrators (or systems administrators) are in charge of a more extensive system’s day-to-day operations.

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