We all have that moment in college where we cram for next-day quizzes and exams. Pulling an all-nighter and stuffing our memory boxes with all the information that we can shove in hoping that on the next day it will not disappear into thin air, but as much as you wish that it will not happen some of the important information you memorized will be forgotten. Your time spent studying the previous night is now wasted and expect to get a low score unless you’re lucky.
Mental fatigue is a condition reflected to mental exhaustion due to excessive cognitive activity. According to a test study, fatigue occurs after 2 hours straight of doing cognitively demanding tasks (Linden & Mejiman, 2003). It doesn’t only affect your decision making ability, but it also has an impact in your health. So imagine your life as a college student, you will spend most of your time in school doing all cognitive-related activities and spend the night reviewing all you learned that day for a quiz next day. Dreading, right? If you haven’t experienced mental exhaustion in college, are you even present at most times?
These top three learning techniques will help ease your way through effective learning.
The Pomodoro Technique
The Pomodoro technique was introduced by Francesco Cirillo during the 1980s. It is a time management technique that aims to help users to maximize their focus and creativity by manipulating their time on doing projects faster with less mental stress. It was named “pomodoro” an Italian term of tomato, after the tomato-shaped kitchen timer that Cirillo used during his university days as a student. As I mentioned, prolonged cognitive activities can cause mental fatigue. To avoid that, Cirillo developed this wonderful technique where you get to rest your brain during short breaks.
How it works:
- Lay out the task you need to be done.
- Set the Pomodoro timer for 25 minutes. (Note: If you don’t have kitchen timer don’t freak out, there’s a lot of app or software you can use that follows this techniques or you can manually monitor your time using your alarm clock)
- Work on the task (Note: Try to focus doing the task for straight 25 minutes without interruption)
- Stop your work when the timer rings.
- Set a 5 minutes break to allow your brain to rest. After the short break, go back to step number 2 & 3. (Note: Within the short breaks, I normally do menial tasks or quick household chores to exercise my muscles from too much sitting or engage myself to a 5-minute plank exercise to keep me awake)
- After four pomodoros (four 25 minutes focused study), take a long break for 20 minutes. Then after the long break, you can start again back to step number 1 until you finish your task
This learning technique helps in finishing each assignments and tasks not only in college but also with work and personal activities. Ultimately, this technique has been widely used even with relevant personalities which prove that this technique can be effective. If you haven’t tried this one, you might want to give it a go and test the effectiveness yourself. If not, you might want to try the next learning techniques.
Lecturing the Wall Technique
“Tell me, and I will forget. Show me, and I may remember. Involve me, and I will understand.” – Old Chinese Proverb
This learning technique is very similar to that quote. In order to understand important things, you need to get involve and experience it first-hand. But how will you apply it on textbooks? Lecture the wall. Some of you may have a vision of what it means. After reading a lesson on a textbook, try to summarize what you understand and say it out loud like you are teaching it to someone. As what Seneca the Younger says, “While we teach, we learn.” Pretending to be lecturing in your professor’s perspective, you have the tendency to understand which points are important in the lesson. Understanding your lessons is way much better rather than just rereading and memorizing it. It will stay longer in your memory than simply memorizing the keywords.
The “Test Yourself” Technique
We may hate the term “test” but believe it or not this learning technique is actually a good way to check if you really understand and remember the keywords in your lesson. Think of it as a trial test to help you review what you studied. Make a questionnaire and answer it. If you don’t like writing questions then test yourself in your head by asking questions and answering them. Pretend that it is a real test and answer the problems without looking at your notes. After answering the dummy questionnaire, check it and see for yourself the number of mistakes you committed. The beauty of this learning technique is it doesn’t have to have a timer. You can do this in slow phase or with a timer, either way you hold the time. You can always do a retest until you get the perfect score.
By practicing this learning technique, your ability to mentally organize your knowledge or the information you acquired will improve. This will help you become more efficient and feel less time-constrained during the actual quiz or exam. This has become a practice since then and it remained effective until now. The best way to prepare yourself in almost anything is to anticipate. You can then prepare a respond to any expected happenings. Subconsciously, you are giving yourself a head start of what’s going to happen and what you should do or shouldn’t. It has the same effect with this learning technique, you anticipate the possible questions to be asked during the quiz and if you did a practice testing beforehand then there’s a high chance that you will get a higher score.
You can combine these three techniques whenever you’re studying and you can fondly call them as “The Power Trio”. However, just like any other learning techniques these techniques might not be effective to you or to some. It will always depend on a person’s preference when it comes to effective learning. Again, different techniques apply to different people. Nonetheless, if you’re someone who’s frustrated about the mentally draining activities in school but is also a determined student who wants to pass, then you can check these learning techniques and see for yourself which one works best for you. Happy studying!